Tax paid by FTSE 100 companies

The following chart shows the tax paid by FTSE 100 companies last year. For example, the top payer was Vodafone, which paid £4,008 million tax.

 

FTSE 100 companies tax paid last year [2017]

Observations:

  • In total FTSE 100 companies paid £29 billion in tax last year.
  • The top six payers paid over half the total tax paid.
  • The bottom 30 payers paid just 5% of the total tax paid.
  • The average tax paid by the 100 companies was £300m, while the median tax paid was £108m.
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Hi-Lo-Close

Analysis of the relationship between the closing level of the market and the hi-lo range during the day

The chart below shows the frequency with which the index closes near to the high (or low) of the day. The data analysed is FTSE 100 Index daily data since 1985. The analysis first takes the day’s hi-lo range, and then calculates three threshold levels (1%, 5%, and 10%).

For example, if a day’s low is 50 and high is 70, then the Hi-Lo range would be 20. And the 1%, 5%, and 10% thresholds would 0.2, 1 and 2. The day would be said to close within 10% low of the day if the closing price was below 52. The day would be said to close within 5% of the high if the closing value was above 69.

For example, since 1985 the FTSE 100 Index has closed within 10% of its daily high on 20.8% of all days, and it has closed within 1% of its low 5.6% of all days.

Frequency of FTSE 100 Index closing near high or low of the day

An obvious observation to make is that the Index closes more often near its high of the day than the low. In nearly 1 in 10 days the index closes within 1% of the high of the day.

The effect on returns the following day

Continuing this analysis of where the index closes relative to the Hi-Lo range of the day, the following chart shows the performance of the FTSE 100 Index on the following day, split by where the index closed the previous day relative to that day’s Hi-Lo range.

For example, on the days when the index closes within 10% of its low for the day on average the index return is -0.005% the following day; and when the index closes within 1% of its high for the day on average the index return is 0.16% the following day.

Hi-Lo-Close effect on following day returns

As can be seen, the nearer the index closes to its high of the day, the higher the following day’s return. The other striking observation is that, whereas a close near the day’s high is associated with relatively strong returns the following day, a close near the day’s low has little effect on the average return the following day.


Almanac cover - 2018 (small 2)

The above is an extract from the newly published UK Stock Market Almanac 2018.

Order your copy now!

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FTSE 100 companies all-time highs

The chart below shows the extent to which the 100 stocks in the FTSE 100 Index are below their all-time highs (ATH). 

For example, RBS is currently 96% below its ATH. While Croda Intl, Prudential, RELX, Scottish Mortgage, and Micro Focus Intl are all within 1% of their ATH.

FTSE 100 companies fall from all time high (percent) [Nov 2017]

Observations:

  • 12 FTSE 100 stocks are within 5% of their ATH.
  • 22 stocks are currently more than 50% below their ATH.
  • 4 stocks are currently more than 75% below their ATH (BT, RSA Insurance, Lloyds Banking, and RBS).
  • The average of the falls from the ATH is 30% (the median is 25%).

The following chart is similar to the above but shows the number of days since the stocks hit their all time highs.

FTSE 100 companies fall from all time high (days) [Nov 2017]

Observations:

  • 6 FTSE 100 stocks have hit their ATH in the past week (Schroders, Informa, Prudential, RELX, Scottish Mortgage, and Micro Focus Intl).
  • 28 stocks hit their ATH over 10 years ago.
  • 8 stocks in the FTSE 100 Index hit their all-time highs in the last millennium (IAG, RSA Insurance, Aviva, Lloyds Banking, GlaxoSmithKline, Rentokil Initial, Kingfisher, and BT).
  • The average of the number of days since the ATH is 1991 (5.5 yrs). The median is 840 (2.3 yrs).
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Day of the week grid

An update of the Day of the Week grid.

This is a table showing the daily returns of the FTSE 100 Index for every day so far in 2017. Positive returns are highlighted in green, negative returns in red. (White cells indicate a market holiday.)

Day of the week grid [Nov 2017]

Pattern-match away…!

Other articles looking at returns on days of the week.

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Market returns in odd and even weeks

A couple of years ago the Almanac wrote about a strange characteristic of the UK equity market which was the difference in performance in odd and even weeks. The original article is here (see the original article for the definition of odd/even weeks etc.) To recap briefly, the FTSE 100 Index saw much stronger returns in odd weeks than even weeks.

Let’s see what’s happened recently and if this strange characteristic still exists. 

The following chart shows the FTSE 100 average returns for odd and even weeks for the period 2010 to 2017, and also for the individual years 2016 and 2017 (to date). 

Average FTSE 100 returns in odd and even weeks

As can be seen, for the period from 2010 the FTSE 100 has seen on average positive returns in odd weeks and negative returns in even weeks. In effect, for the last few years in aggregate all the growth in the index has been due to its performance in odd weeks.

In 2016, the market on average did see positive returns in even weeks (albeit still less than the odd-week returns). But so far in 2017 the longer-term trend has reasserted itself, with strong odd-week returns and negative even-week returns.

The following chart updates the performance of two hypothetical portfolios: one of which only invests in the market in odd weeks, and the other only invests in even weeks.

Odd v Even Week FTSE 100 Portfolios [2010-2017]

The significant divergence in performance previously observed has continued to today. Having started with values of 100 in 2010, by November 2017 the Odd Week Portfolio would have had a value of 187, compared with a value of 75 for the Even Week Portfolio. The change in value of the Even Week Portfolio has changed little from 2015, whereas the Odd Week Portfolio has grown strongly.

As mentioned in the original article, there is no obvious reason for this weekly phenomenon, although such weekly effects have been seen elsewhere – for example, the FOMC Cycle.

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Volatility of markets in 2017

The following chart shows the volatility of various markets so far in 2017.

Volatility In 2017

Not difficult – or surprising – to spot the most volatile market here.

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UK equity indices returns 2017 3Q & YTD

2017 3Q

The following chart plots the performance of UK equity indices in the third quarter 2017.

UK equity index returns 2017 3Q

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index TIDM Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 5.5
FTSE Fledgling 4.7
FTSE AIM All-Share 4.0
FTSE 250 2.8
FTSE SmallCap 2.3
FTSE All-Share – Total Return 2.1
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return 1.8
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index 1.7
FTSE4Good UK 1.3
FTSE All-Share 1.2
FTSE 350 1.2
FTSE 100 0.8
FTSE4Good UK 50 0.7
FTSE TechMARK All Share -0.5
FTSE UK Dividend Plus -2.8

2017 3Q YTD

The following chart plots the performance of UK equity indices over the first 3 quarters of 2017.

UK equity index returns 2017 3Q YTD

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 25.6
FTSE AIM All-Share 18.9
FTSE Fledgling 17.6
FTSE SmallCap 11.1
FTSE 250 9.9
FTSE All-Share – Total Return 7.8
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return 6.6
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index 5.5
FTSE All-Share 4.6
FTSE 350 4.3
FTSE4Good UK 4.0
FTSE TechMARK All Share 3.5
FTSE 100 3.2
FTSE4Good UK 50 2.8
FTSE UK Dividend Plus -0.9

 

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FTSE 100 and FTSE 250 Quarterly Review – September 2017

After market close on 30 August 2017 FTSE Russell confirmed the following changes to the FTSE 100 and FTSE 250 indices. The changes will be implemented at the close Friday, 15 September 2017 and take effect from the start of trading on Monday, 18 September 2017.

FTSE 100

Joining: NMC Health [NMC], Berkeley Group Holdings [BKG]

Leaving: Royal Mail [RMG], Provident Financial [PFG]

FTSE 250

Joining: Royal Mail [RMG], Provident Financial [PFG], Alfa Financial Software Holdings [ALFA], 888 Holdings [888], Sequoia Economic Infrastructure Income Fund [SEQ]

Leaving: NMC Health [NMC], Berkeley Group Holdings [BKG], Northgate [NTG], Petra Diamonds [PDL], Carillion [CLLN]

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UK equity indices returns 2017 2Q & 1H

2017 2Q

The following chart plots the performance of UK equity indices in the second quarter 2017.

UK equity index returns 2017 2Q

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index TIDM Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 6.3
FTSE AIM All-Share 3.9
FTSE Fledgling 3.7
FTSE SmallCap 2.8
FTSE 250 1.9
FTSE TechMARK All Share 1.6
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index 1.5
FTSE All-Share – Total Return 1.4
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return 1.0
FTSE4Good UK 0.5
FTSE4Good UK 50 0.3
FTSE All-Share 0.3
FTSE 350 0.2
FTSE 100 -0.1
FTSE UK Dividend Plus -1.4

2017 1H

The following chart plots the performance of UK equity indices in the first half 2017.

UK equity index returns 2017 1H

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 19.01
FTSE AIM All-Share 14.4
FTSE Fledgling 12.26
FTSE SmallCap 8.59
FTSE 250 6.99
FTSE All-Share – Total Return 5.5
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return 4.69
FTSE TechMARK All Share 3.99
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index 3.72
FTSE All-Share 3.33
FTSE 350 3.14
FTSE4Good UK 2.65
FTSE 100 2.38
FTSE4Good UK 50 2.12
FTSE UK Dividend Plus 1.87
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UK equity indices returns 2017 1Q

The following chart plots the performance of UK equity indices in the first quarter 2017.

UK equity index returns 2017 1Q

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index TIDM Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 11.9
FTSE AIM All-Share 10.1
FTSE Fledgling 8.3
FTSE SmallCap 5.6
FTSE 250 4.9
FTSE All-Share – Total Return 4.0
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return 3.7
FTSE UK Dividend Plus 3.3
FTSE All-Share 3.0
FTSE 350 2.9
FTSE 100 2.5
FTSE TechMARK All Share 2.3
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index 2.2
FTSE4Good UK 2.1
FTSE4Good UK 50 1.8

 

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