FTSE 100 Index – 30 years old today

The FTSE 100 Index was launched on 3 January 1984. The market capitalisation weighted FTSE 100 index replaced the price-weighted FT30 Index as the performance benchmark for most investors.

Price performance

The following chart shows the price performance of the FTSE 100 Index 1984-2013. A simple linear trendline has been added.

FTSE 100 Index [1984-2013] with trendlineThe index was launched in 1984 with a value of 1000 and closed 2013 at 6749. This is an increase of 575% over the 30 years, giving an annual growth of 6.57%.

The trendline calculates a value of 6695 for the end of 2013, which is just 54 points away from the actual value (less than 1% difference). As can be seen in the chart, the FTSE 100 Index is pretty much bang on its long-term (since 1984) trend.

Fascinating Footsie Facts

Number of companies in index 100
Market capitalisation, average (£m) 18,253
Market capitalisation, standard deviation 24,837
Share price, average (£) 12.93
Number of companies paying a dividend 96
Dividend yield, average (%) 2.92
Dividend yield, standard deviation 1.29
PE ratio, average 20.2
PE ratio, standard deviation 14.2
PEG, average 2.3
Turnover, average (£m) 14,674
Turnover growth last five years, average (%) 76.2
Turnover to capitalisation ratio, average 0.88
Number of companies making a profit 94
Profit, average (£m) 1,534
Profit growth last five years, average (%) 101.6
Profit / turnover, average (%) 16.9
Current ratio, average 1.29
Net cash, average (£m) 5838
Net cash, sum total (£m) 566,363
Price to net cash ratio, average 24.2
Net borrowings, average (£m) -1710
Net borrowings, sum total (£m) -165,902
Net gearing, average 1.00
Interest cover, average 70.0
ROCE, average (%) 50.1
ROCE, standard deviation 107.6

Original constituents

The following table shows the 30 original companies that are still in the Index today. (The 19 italicised companies have been in the index continuously since launch.)

Company TIDM
Associated British Foods
Aviva
British American Tobacco
Barclays
BAE Systems
BP
GlaxoSmithKline
GKN
Hammerson
Imperial Tobacco Group
Johnson Matthey
Land Securities Group
Legal & General Group
Lloyds Banking Group
Marks & Spencer Group
Pearson
Prudential
Reckitt Benckiser Group
Reed Elsevier
Rexam
Rio Tinto
RBS Group
RSA Insurance Group
J Sainsbury
Royal Dutch Shell
Smith & Nephew
Standard Chartered
Tesco
Unilever
Whitbread

Largest companies

The following table compares the market capitalisations of the top five largest companies in the index in 1984 and today.

Rank (1984) Capital (£m) Rank (2013) Capital (£m)
1 British Petroleum Co. 7401 Royal Dutch Shell 140,695
2 Shell Trans. & Trad. Co. 6365 HSBC Holdings 124,728
3 General Electric Co. 4915 Vodafone Group 114,860
4 Imperial Chemical Industries 3917 BP 90,984
5 Marks & Spencer 2829 GlaxoSmithKline 78,252

Oil is still there today, but industrial, chemical and retail stocks have been replaced by bank, telecom and pharmaceutical stocks.

In 1984 the total market capitalisation of the index was £100 billion; at the end of 2013 the market capitalisation had grown to £1,824 billion.

It’s interesting to note that Shell’s market cap. today is 40% larger than the whole FTSE 100 Index in 1984.

Other references

FTSE 100 at 30 article in the Telegraph  by Martin Vander Weyer.

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Tobacco sector monthly seasonality analysis

The 2013 edition of the Almanac looks at the historic monthly performance of the FTSE 350 sectors. Here we look at the Tobacco sector.

The following chart plots the average out-performance of the FTSE 350 Tobacco sector over the FTSE 100 Index by month since 1999. For example, since 1999 on average the Tobacco sector has out-performed the FTSE 100 Index by 4.1 percentage points in February.

Observations:

  1. The strongest months of the year relative to the market for the sector have been February and May, the sector has only under-performed the market in two years since 1999 in February.
  2. There have been no consistently weak months for the sector; although on average the sector has under-performed the FTSE 100 Index by 1.5 percentage points in October, the sector has out-performed the market in 50% of years since 1999 in this month.

The two stocks in the FTSE 350 Tobacco sector [NMX3780] are-

British American Tobacco [BATS]
Imperial Tobacco Group [IMT]
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Influence of largest companies on FTSE 100 Index

The following chart shows the impact on the FTSE 100 Index of a 10% move in the share price of each of the 20 largest companies in the index. [The reference level for the FTSE 100 is 6318.]

For example, if the share price of Shell fell (rose) 10% the impact on the FTSE 100 Index would be a fall (rise) of 49 points in the index.

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British American Tobacco [BATS] – 51 years on the LSE

On this day in 1962 British American Tobacco listed on the LSE.

The following chart plots the average monthly out-performance of the shares over the FTSE 100 Index since 1998. For example, on average BATS has out-performed the FTSE 100 by 1.7 percentage points in January.

Observations:

  1. The strongest months for BATS relative to the market have been February and May (the shares have out-performed the market in May in 11 of the last 14 years).
  2. The shares are mildy weak relative to the market in October and November, but not significantly so.

 

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