Cumulative performance of FTSE 100 by day of the week

The following chart shows the cumulative performance of the FTSE 100 by day of the week for the period Jan-Aug 2018.

Cumulative performance of FTSE 100 by day of the week [Jan-Aug 2018]

From the beginning of the year the FTSE 100 Index has risen a cumulative 3.8% on Fridays, and fallen a cumulative 4.3% on Mondays.

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FTSE 100 and FTSE 250 Quarterly Review – June 2018

After market close on 30 May 2018 FTSE Russell confirmed the following changes to the FTSE 100 and FTSE 250 indices. The changes will be implemented at the close Friday, 15 June 2018 and take effect from the start of trading on Monday, 18 June 2018.

FTSE 100

Joining:

GVC Holding [GVC]
Ocado Group [OCDO]

Leaving:

G4S [GFS]
Mediclinic [MDC]

FTSE 250

Joining:

Mediclinic Intl [MDC]
G4S [GFS]
Integrafi n Hldgs [IHP]
Laird [LRD]
Energean Oil & Gas [ENOG]
Premier Oil [PMO]

Leaving

Ocado Group [OCDO]
GVC Holdings [GVC]
Pets At Home Group [PETS]
Marstons [MARS]
Woodford Patient Capital Trust [WPCT]
Purecircle [PURE]

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UK equity indices returns 2018 1Q

The following chart plots the performance of UK equity indices in the first quarter 2018.

UK equity indices 2018 1Q

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index TIDM Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 -3.0
FTSE Fledgling -3.3
FTSE AIM All-Share -3.4
FTSE SmallCap -5.4
FTSE 250 -6.1
FTSE All-Share – Total Return -6.9
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return -7.2
FTSE4Good UK -7.7
FTSE All-Share -7.8
FTSE 350 -7.9
FTSE4Good UK 50 -7.9
FTSE TechMARK All Share -8.1
FTSE UK Dividend Plus -8.2
FTSE 100 -8.2
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index -8.6

 

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International markets 2018 1Q

The following charts plot the performance of a selection of world markets in the first quarter 2018. 

Domestic currency

International markets 2018 1Q

GBP

The returns are GBP-adjusted (i.e. these are returns for a GB pound investor).

International markets 2018 1Q [GBP]

USD

The returns are USD-adjusted (i.e. these are returns for a US dollar investor).

International markets 2018 1Q [USD]

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FTSE 100 and FTSE 250 Quarterly Review – March 2018

After market close on 28 February 2018 FTSE Russell confirmed the following changes to the FTSE 100 and FTSE 250 indices. The changes will be implemented at the close Friday, 16 March 2018 and take effect from the start of trading on Monday, 19 March 2018.

FTSE 100

Joining: Royal Mail [RMG]

Leaving: Hammerson [HMSO]

FTSE 250

Joining:

Baillie Gifford Japan Trust [BGFD]
Bakkavor Group [BAKK]
Charter Court Financial Services Group [CCFS]
ContourGlobal [GLO]
Games Workshop Group [GAW]
On The Beach Group [OTB]
Pantheon International [PIN]

Leaving

AA [AA.]
Acacia Mining [ACA]
Brown (N.) Group [BWNG]
Dignity [DTY]
Hansteen Holdings [HSTN]
MITIE Group [MTO]
Vectura Group [VEC]

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Santa Rally 2017

The Santa Rally describes the tendency of the market to rise in the last two weeks of the year.

In 2017 the FTSE 100 Index had a return of +2.6% in the last two weeks of the year. So the Santa Rally effect held in 2017.

As can be seen in the following chart, the Santa Rally has only failed to deliver in two years since 2000.

Santa Rally [2000-2017]

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UK equity indices returns 2017: Y, 2H, 4Q

The following charts plot the performance of UK equity indices in 2017 for the whole year, second half and fourth quarter.

2017 FY

Index returns for January – December 2017

UK equity indices 2017

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 32.9
FTSE AIM All-Share 24.3
FTSE Fledgling 23.0
FTSE 250 14.7
FTSE SmallCap 14.6
FTSE All-Share – Total Return 13.2
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return 12.0
FTSE All-Share 9.1
FTSE 350 8.8
FTSE4Good UK 8.2
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index 7.8
FTSE 100 7.6
FTSE4Good UK 50 6.7
FTSE TechMARK All Share 5.3
FTSE UK Dividend Plus 1.6

2017 2H

Index returns for July – December 2017

UK equity indices 2017 2H

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 11.6
FTSE Fledgling 9.5
FTSE AIM All-Share 8.7
FTSE All-Share – Total Return 7.3
FTSE 250 7.2
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return 6.9
FTSE All-Share 5.6
FTSE SmallCap 5.6
FTSE 350 5.5
FTSE4Good UK 5.4
FTSE 100 5.1
FTSE4Good UK 50 4.5
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index 3.9
FTSE TechMARK All Share 1.2
FTSE UK Dividend Plus -0.3

2017 4Q

Index returns for October – December 2017

UK equity index returns 2017 4Q

The data for the chart is given in the following table.

Index TIDM Rtn(%)
FTSE AIM 100 5.8
FTSE All-Share – Total Return 5.1
FTSE 100 Index – Total Return 5.0
FTSE Fledgling 4.6
FTSE AIM All-Share 4.5
FTSE All-Share 4.3
FTSE 250 4.3
FTSE 350 4.3
FTSE 100 4.3
FTSE4Good UK 4.1
FTSE4Good UK 50 3.8
FTSE SmallCap 3.2
FTSE UK Dividend Plus 2.6
FTSE TechMARK Focus Index 2.2
FTSE TechMARK All Share 1.8

 

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Trading around Christmas and New Year

Does the equity market display any particular pattern in the days around Christmas and New Year?

Mean returns

The following chart plots the average daily returns of the FTSE 100 Index for nine days around Christmas and New Year for the periods 1984-2017 and also 2000-2017.

The nine days studied were-

  • Days 1-3: the three trading days leading up to Christmas.
  • Days 4-6: the three trading days between Christmas and New Year.
  • Days 7-9: the first three trading days of the year.

For example, since 1984 the average return of the index on the day before Christmas has been 0.24%

FTSE 100 average daily returns around Christmas and New Year [1984-2017]

Observations

  1. Market strength increases to the fourth day (the trading day immediately after Christmas). Since 1984 the fourth day has been the strongest day of the whole period, with an average daily return of 0.49% (albeit the volatility of returns on this day is high).
  2. Generally the profile of returns for the shorter time range (2000-2017) is similar to that for the whole period from 1984. The one significant difference is that since 2000 the strongest day of the period has been the first trading day of the new year. The new year generally starts strongly on the first day, with performance trailing off the following two days.
  3. The weakest day in the period is the third day of the New Year, followed by the last trading day of the year.

Let’s now see if the pattern of positive returns confirms the above findings.

Positive returns

The following chart plots the proportion of daily returns for the FTSE 100 Index that were positive on the nine days around Christmas and New for the period 1984-2017.

For example, for 84% of the years since 1984 the returns on the day after Christmas were positive.

FTSE 100 positive daily returns around Christmas and New Year [1984-2017]

The profile of behaviour demonstrated by the positive returns is similar to that for the mean returns above.

So, how did equities perform last year around Christmas compared to the average behaviour seen above?

Last year

The following chart replicates the first chart above with the average day returns for the period 2000-2017, and also plots the actual day returns for the nine days around Christmas in 2016.

FTSE 100 Index daily returns around Christmas and New Year

As can be seen, the actual returns last year roughly followed the average pattern since 2000: the strongest days were the days after Christmas and New Year, with performance quickly trailing off after New Year.


Almanac cover - 2018 (small 2)

The above is an extract from the newly published UK Stock Market Almanac 2018.

Order your copy now!

 

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Tax paid by FTSE 100 companies

The following chart shows the tax paid by FTSE 100 companies last year. For example, the top payer was Vodafone, which paid £4,008 million tax.

 

FTSE 100 companies tax paid last year [2017]

Observations:

  • In total FTSE 100 companies paid £29 billion in tax last year.
  • The top six payers paid over half the total tax paid.
  • The bottom 30 payers paid just 5% of the total tax paid.
  • The average tax paid by the 100 companies was £300m, while the median tax paid was £108m.
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Hi-Lo-Close

Analysis of the relationship between the closing level of the market and the hi-lo range during the day

The chart below shows the frequency with which the index closes near to the high (or low) of the day. The data analysed is FTSE 100 Index daily data since 1985. The analysis first takes the day’s hi-lo range, and then calculates three threshold levels (1%, 5%, and 10%).

For example, if a day’s low is 50 and high is 70, then the Hi-Lo range would be 20. And the 1%, 5%, and 10% thresholds would 0.2, 1 and 2. The day would be said to close within 10% low of the day if the closing price was below 52. The day would be said to close within 5% of the high if the closing value was above 69.

For example, since 1985 the FTSE 100 Index has closed within 10% of its daily high on 20.8% of all days, and it has closed within 1% of its low 5.6% of all days.

Frequency of FTSE 100 Index closing near high or low of the day

An obvious observation to make is that the Index closes more often near its high of the day than the low. In nearly 1 in 10 days the index closes within 1% of the high of the day.

The effect on returns the following day

Continuing this analysis of where the index closes relative to the Hi-Lo range of the day, the following chart shows the performance of the FTSE 100 Index on the following day, split by where the index closed the previous day relative to that day’s Hi-Lo range.

For example, on the days when the index closes within 10% of its low for the day on average the index return is -0.005% the following day; and when the index closes within 1% of its high for the day on average the index return is 0.16% the following day.

Hi-Lo-Close effect on following day returns

As can be seen, the nearer the index closes to its high of the day, the higher the following day’s return. The other striking observation is that, whereas a close near the day’s high is associated with relatively strong returns the following day, a close near the day’s low has little effect on the average return the following day.


Almanac cover - 2018 (small 2)

The above is an extract from the newly published UK Stock Market Almanac 2018.

Order your copy now!

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