The Stock Market in October

October has a bad reputation among investors. Partly justified, one might think: in 1987 the FTSE All-Share Index fell 27% in the one month of October, and then in 2008 the index fell 12% in the month.

However, a glance at the accompanying chart tells a different story. In the 28 years since 1990, the UK stock market has only seen negative returns in October in six years – a record second only to December. And in recent years equities have remained strong in October, only falling in one year since 2010.

Monthly returns of FTSE All Share Index - October (1984-2017)

Volatility

But, while average equity market returns in October (+1.6% since 1990) may be better than widely believed, the month does have a deserved reputation for volatility. Only September can challenge it for share price fluctuations.

Six month effect

The strength of equities in October may not be unconnected with the fact that the strong six-month period of the year starts at the end of October (part of the Sell in May effect) and investors may be anticipating this by increasing their weighting in equities during October. The last day of the month also tends to be strong, in fact it has the best record of any month’s last trading day – which, again, may be related to the Sell in May effect.

But while October, therefore, should be regarded as a good month for shares, any occasional weakness in the month can be severe.

The average October

In an average month for October the market tends to rise in the first two weeks, then to fall back, before a surge in prices in the last few days of the month (Sell in May effect ­ aka Halloween effect ­ again!)

Shares

In the last ten years, FTSE 350 shares that have the strongest record in October are: BP [BP.], Hargreaves Lansdown [HL.], and Booker Group [BOK. By contrast, weak shares in October over the last ten years have been: Marshalls [MSLH], William Hill [WMH], and UDG Healthcare [UDG].

Sectors

At the sector level, over the last ten years the strong sectors in October have been: Oil & Gas Producers, Beverages, and Real Estate Investment & Services, while the weak sectors have been: Software & Computer Services, Health Care Equipment & Services, and General Industrials

The month is one of only two months (the other is September) that FTSE 100 stocks tend to out-perform the mid-cap FTSE 250 stocks – since 1986 the FTSE 100 Index has on average out-performed the FTSE 250 Index by 0.7 percentage points in October.


Article first appeared in Money Observer

Further articles on the market in October.

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